Hello and welcome to our 50th edition of Trade Winds, before we continue, we would just like to thank each and everyone one of our valued customers for being a part of this journey so far and for your continued support throughout the year.
Are steel price increases a thing of the past? Steel prices surged during the post covid-19 recovery as supply struggled to keep up with demand. Prices for some products and markets hit all time highs in 2021 and detached from costs. However, the steel price cycle peak may be behind us.
Long products and rod saw huge increases in 2021, levels that were not even seen during the Global financial crisis back in 2008. Flat products had the biggest increases, making the increase on long products seem okay in comparison.
The surge in high prices experienced in 2021 are seen as a once in a decade phenomenon and this trend is not expected to be seen again within the foreseeable future, however with the global carbon steel prices seeming to be tapering down, South Africa is yet to follow suite.
There remain caution however in some circles since inflation in developed countries continues to rise which will further negatively impact global pricing particularly with regards to labour and logistics. This is already evident in imports from the U.S.A.
Border updates, there were some reports of delays at Beitbridge last week however the border is flowing once again with no issues. No other issues have been reported amongst the other border posts. The only issue is the time of year and increased cargo movement resulting in longer waiting times for trucks.
It is really important to plan ahead!
N3 Truck driver protesters arrested, A week ago, truck drivers blocked off Van Reenen’s Pass, a busy North-South corridor between Durban port and Southern Africa. The protest started in the early hours of Friday morning and lasted till the evening, causing huge delays.
Twelve truck drivers were expected to appear in the Ladysmith Magistrate’s Court after they were arrested last week Friday for using their rigs to obstruct traffic.
The blockade was in protest of the presence of foreign national drivers working in South Africa’s Road freight sector.
Wide condemnation has since been expressed over the impact of Friday’s blockade, with Durban Chamber of Commerce CEO Phalesa Phili saying losses of about R800 million a day are lost when the country’s most important supply artery is affected in this manner.
Economists have expressed how this protest was bad for South Africa’s image as a key partner for intra-African trade, especially in light of the African Continental Free Trade Area.
New covid variant poses threat to eased freight rates, The impact of vaccination rates will play a significant role in projected global economic growth in 2022, with predictions that it will slow to 4.3% from 5.7% this year on the back of a downward trend in the post-pandemic rebound.
Freight shipping rates have already pulled back somewhat from their September high, but that said, the new Omicron variant poses a risk in this regard. If it leads to widespread border closures and tougher domestic restrictions, this could spur renewed demand for goods over services.
Stricter lockdowns could also see a repeat of port disruptions, with the attendant impact on cargo flows that has been evident throughout the pandemic.
Ocean freight reliability on the rise, with schedule reliability edging up slightly but still well below acceptable norms, some analysts have said that shippers’ price is sometimes secondary to the predictability of getting product to market.
It is also noted that the new strain has caused a stir with some countries now advising that any vessels arriving at their respective ports are to anticipate a quarantine window period, thus causing further impact on vessel schedules globally.
Further on, South African ports are currently experiencing delays which has been caused by severe weather, terminal congestion and berthing delays ranges from 3-5 days, with a further delay of 5 days expected in Cape Town and an additional 2-day delay in Durban.
Major impact remains on import delivery, clients are now faced with huge demurrage charges as transport booking slots are still impacted by the terminal congestions.
Africa, the leaders in air cargo growth, there is some bad news with airfreight due to cancelled PAX flights, the capacity remains constrained in and out of South Africa as countries tighten travel rules over the Omicron variant, belly cargo capacity may fall again in the coming weeks.
Iron ore price rockets, Iron ore price surged on Tuesday after customs data showed China’s iron ore imports rose 14.6% in November from a month earlier to hit their highest since July 2020.
The world’s biggest consumer of iron ore brought in 104.96 million tonnes last month, up from October’s imports of 91.61 million and were also up 6.9% from November 2020.
Bureau Veritas slowly recovering from Cyberattack, The French classification company’s internet services remain deactivated after it detected an attempted cyber-security breach two weeks back, forcing BV to take its data and servers offline.
As of last week, more than 80% of operations were running at a normal level and some regions still have IT systems running at a reduced rate.
The company expects to recover most delayed activities in a short period of time and are evaluating any potential impact.
Currently the company is issuing inspections and certificates manually via email, there is a backlog as BV has lost three weeks of work however slowly services are returning.
The festive season is upon us!
We would like to thank our valued customers for all your support throughout this challenging year. We hope we have served you well and whatever 2022 brings, we will continue to strive for service excellence, reliability and competitively priced product for mutual success and stronger partnerships.
We wish you and your families a happy and safe festive period!
“You are the artist of your own life, don’t hand the paintbrush to anyone else”
Please note that Trade Winds will be taking a break until later in January.
Expected steel price increase, A small transport fee has been added to the price of steel coming from the mills to combat the ever-increasing price of fuel in the region of 2.5% with an expected steel increase on the horizon as well. As of now there is no formal notice from the mills, but the sector is bracing itself for the inevitable as the industry continues to battle with fuel and labour hikes as well as electricity cuts whether the increase is for December or January remains to be seen.
HDPE prices will also increase at the beginning of next year in the region of 6.5% on all HDPE products.
Border updates, for the first time, we can report no issues at any of our surrounding borders, seems that delays at Beitbridge really are a thing of the past.
New covid variant causing havoc in SA, the newly discovered covid variant B.1.1.529 has sent shockwaves throughout South Africa and the world alike, as countries like the UK, Germany and Italy have banned flights from South Africa as of midday today with the European Union considering banning all flights from South Africa as well. The UK has also banned flights from Namibia, Lesotho, Botswana, Eswatini and Zimbabwe.
Israel also announced it will ban its citizens from travelling to southern Africa, covering the same six countries as well as Mozambique and barring the entry of foreign travellers from the region.
The rand has taken a huge knock as the country has been placed on the UK’s red list further weakening an already struggling economy.
Fuel price driving inflation up, South Africa’s transport sector was the largest contributor to inflation in the country, the Bureau for Economic Research says in its latest weekly assessment.
With the headline Consumer Price Index measured at 5% year-on-year in October, it marks the sixth consecutive month that inflation has been above 4.5%, the Bureau says.
This is also the midpoint of the Reserve Bank’s target, hence last week’s 25 basis point increase in the repo rate.
The largest contributor to the annual inflation figure was transport, which climbed 10.9% year-on-year, adding 1.5% pts. This was mainly attributable to fuel prices which increased by 23.1% year-on-year, up from 19.9% year-on-year in September.
Local mines could invest R60 billion to combat load shedding, South African mining companies are poised to spend 60 billion rand ($3.8 billion) on renewable energy projects in hope to help ease the country’s electricity supply crisis.
The industry is planning 3,900 megawatts of solar, wind and battery energy projects, which could supplement supplies from state-owned utility Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd.
Earlier this year, President Cyril Ramaphosa raised the limit on companies producing power without a license to 100 megawatts from 1 megawatt, clearing the way for miners to start generating their own electricity.
South Africa experienced record outages this year, stifling an economic rebound from the pandemic in the continent’s most industrialized economy.
The industry, including the world’s top platinum and rhodium producers, is the country’s biggest user of electricity.
Sibanye Stillwater plans on adding 475 megawatts of solar and wind-power capacity, whilst Anglo American Platinum Ltd aims to start generating around 100 megawatts of renewable power at its Mogalakwena mine by the end of 2023.
Impala Platinum Holdings Ltd. is weighing options to have all its mines in South Africa and Zimbabwe use solar power.
SA Port costs too high considering turnaround time, South Africa’s private sector freight industry, for the most part, believes that the country’s port costs are too high.
Especially at congested ports like Durban.
Constant equipment failure, labour issues, and efficiency headaches contribute to widely shared criticism that the country’s ports are not being run as they should.
Looking at where the World Bank rated SA ports during a performance index released in May.
Not only were South Africa’s ports outperformed by the likes of the Port of Djibouti, but it also served to stoke fears that nearby ports like Walvis Bay, Maputo, Beira and even Dar es Salaam, were sniffing at a slice of the country’s ports’ pie.
Transnet National Ports Authority doesn’t seem to be sharing the view that the ports aren’t run properly.
In a media briefing, Transnet said that they were so efficient that the price was almost irrelevant, suggesting that they were worth the cost.
What exporters and importers pay to ship through South Africa’s ports, it said, translated into savings elsewhere along the supply chain.
Brace yourselves, Airfreight rates to rise further, Airports are under the whip as demand continues to exceed capacity and Covid-safe work practices and apparent labour shortages continue to place immense pressure on UK, EU, US and global air freight hubs, creating congestion from Heathrow to Azerbaijan.
According to UK-based logistics provider Metro Shipping which points out that while there are different situations at different airports, the demand for air cargo is exceptionally high. In addition, ground-handling operations are proving to be consistently ineffective at servicing the upturn in freighters, and passenger freighters, with problems at Heathrow, Amsterdam, Brussels and Frankfurt in Europe alone.
Metro believes that despite the congestion, the already exceptionally high airfreight prices will climb further as supply chain disruptions force ocean freight shippers to switch to airfreight.
The issue is however endemic as US, European and Asian hubs are experiencing the same problems. Metro believes it’s unlikely to improve any time soon as ocean freight is continuing to look at airfreight as a logistic solution.
Predictions are that the air cargo boom will continue well into next year, and possibly 2023, as it may take that amount of time for the passenger schedule to return to pre-Covid levels.
Zim economy on the right path, the Zimbabwean government has broken the shackles the economy has been in and is on the right path to start realising meaningful returns despite economic headwinds that have hindered its progress.
Mr. Holtzman, Chairman of CBZ Holdings, Zimbabwe’s biggest bank, expects a full turnaround by the end of this year after a challenging financial year.
The growth prospects for Zimbabwe come at a time where the IMF has upgraded its estimate for economic growth this year to 6 percent from 5.1 percent on the back of increased activity within the manufacturing and construction sectors.
Zimbabwe currently possesses potential which if exploited correctly can turn the country’s fortune around with agriculture being singled out as one sector which has gained a considerable amount of traction as farmers are now drifting towards high-value crops for the export market.
Excluding the agriculture sector, Zimbabwe currently has huge nickel and lithium deposits, minerals whose importance is increasing given the global trends in technology where economies are moving towards the use of electrical cars and cleaner energy.
DRC looking to develop domestic battery manufacturing, DRC mines the majority of the world’s cobalt, an ingredient in lithium-ion batteries, and is Africa’s leading producer of copper. Demand for the minerals is rising to power electric vehicles and electronic devices.
However, on the flipside DRC, which ranks among the world’s least developed countries, exports its minerals for only a fraction of the final cost of the batteries, which are mostly manufactured in Asia.
Prime Minister of DRC, Sama Lukonde announced a series of measures aimed at speeding the development of a battery manufacturing industry which includes the creation of a “Battery Council” with the aim of driving the government’s policy to develop a regional value chain around the electric battery industry.
Minister Lukonde did not provide specific details about how long these initiatives would take to set up or how they would be funded, although several development banks, including the African Development Bank, has signed a pledge to help develop Congo’s battery industry
President Hakainde Hichilema of neighbouring Zambia, Africa’s second-largest copper producer has said that his country is ready to work with Congo and others in the region to develop Africa’s industrial capacity.
Bureau Veritas hit with cyberattack, Bureau Veritas (BV), detected an attempted cyber-security breach last week, forcing the company to take its data and servers offline.
Earlier this week it was reported that BV had decided to immediately institute the necessary preventative measures.
The attack comes after BV recently warned that it had become aware of increased risk to global supply chain interests, especially against the backdrop of ongoing pandemic challenges.
The disruption caused to supply chains the world over by the virus, risk assessors say, is playing into the hands of cyberattackers wanting to exploit existing conditions of instability.
Please note all BV inspections have been halted for now and we will continue to monitor the situation.
World’s first electric container ship sets sail, The world’s first electric and self-propelled container ship, Yara Birkeland, has set sail.
The self-propelled container ship departed from Horten in Norway on the morning of November 18 and arrived in Oslo in the early evening.
A joint venture between chemical production firm Yara and maritime technology company Kongsberg, the vessel is expected to cut 1 000 tonnes of CO2 and replace 40 000 trips by diesel-powered trucks a year.
It will be used to transport fertiliser between Porsgrunn and Brevik.
Plans for the construction of the vessel were announced back in 2017.
Its launch marks the start of a two-year testing period of the technology that will make the ship self-propelled, and finally certified as an autonomous, all-electric container ship.
The 80-metre-long vessel has capacity for 120 TEUs and the cost of construction is estimated at $25 million.
In parallel with the project, Yara has initiated the development of green ammonia as an emission-free fuel for shipping, through its newly launched Yara Clean Ammonia.
Yara, the world’s largest producer of fertilisers, relies on ammonia to make fertiliser, and to help feed an ever-growing population. At the same time, current ammonia production represents 2% of the world’s fossil energy consumption. This corresponds with about 1.2% of the world’s total greenhouse gas emissions.
“Nothing in the world is ever completely wrong. Even a stopped clock is right twice a day”
No increase for July! as the steel sector waited in anticipation, no news is good news as no price increase notices were released for the month of July from the various mills within South Africa, however international steel prices still remain volatile.
This will be only the second time this year that steel prices should remain unchanged barring any other factors such as labour increases or production costs.
South Africa in the midst of the third wave, the COVID-19 pandemic has begun running riot in South Africa with cases sky rocketing. Gauteng is now currently the epicentre of the virus.
Last week President Cyril Ramaphosa placed South Africa under alert Level 3 lockdown but with the cases increasing daily there are talks being held this week that the country could move into a higher level and Gauteng itself being placed into a further lockdown beyond that of the national lockdown.
Border updates, Beitbridge border post faced a water shortage earlier this week causing some delays as the work force at the border was reduced to 50%.
However, the issue was resolved and its all systems go at the border post.
According to personnel at the border, the closure was scheduled to last for 12 hours, from dusk till dawn, starting at 6pm on Monday evening and ending at 6am the following morning but the closure lasted for 24 hours.
There were reports last week that Kasumbalesa experienced delays.
The decision by the government in Kinshasa to test cross-border truck drivers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo itself, rather than risk fraudulent PCR test results for Covid-19, resulting in a queue south of its Copperbelt border crossing in the region of nine kilometres towards Chililabombwe.
Late last week Friday DRC officials called off the decision after irate drivers started refusing to cross into DRC at its busy Kasumbalesa border.
Authorities in Kinshasa initially appeared resistant to persuasion, saying that they had recorded a significant case load of fraudulent PCR tests and that they did not have the means to verify results.
However, the Zambian government’s appeal on behalf of transporters resulted in the DRC finally deciding to accept PCR results from other countries and to roll out rapid testing free of charge in the event of drivers arriving at its border without test results.
Sea carriers looking to add additional vessels, two major shipping lines, one focusing entirely on intra-Asian cargo, have collectively ordered four new vessels to be commissioned in 2023/24, supporting the view that ocean freight is on a juggernaut growth path with no slowing in sight.
The news comes amid growing criticism among agents that carriers, the majority of whom are seeing profits well above 50% while freight rates have spiked by as much as 350%, are not investing in enough newbuilds to address the imbalance between cargo demand and service supply.
In certain instances, criticism from the freight forwarding fraternity has been downright antagonistic, with some agents accusing lines of manipulating vessel calling shortfalls to increase rates on the back of capacity problems.
However, the newbuild order book expansion by Evergreen and intra-Asian carrier SITC serves to suggest the opposite, that lines are indeed beginning to look at rebalancing service vs demand.
Zimbabwe loses a third of its gold to Smugglers, Zimbabwe last year lost around a third of its average gold production to the black market.
The smuggling of gold, Zimbabwe’s top foreign currency earner, is estimated to cost the country $1.5 billion in lost revenue per year, according to the international Crisis Group.
Most of the precious metal is siphoned off by informal small-scale miners who sell their findings to illicit gold traders rather than government-appointed officials.
Fidelity Printers and Refiners on Tuesday announced the country had lost around 11 tons of gold to “leakages” in 2020.
The losses were mainly due to payment delays caused by foreign currency shortages that encouraged miners to sell to smugglers instead, FPR’s head of gold operations, Mehluleli Dube, told a parliamentary mining committee.
Gold miners are usually paid in US dollars, a much more stable and desirable currency than the ever-depreciating Zimbabwean dollar. They were legally obliged to sell 40% of their earnings to the central bank at the official exchange rate but that obligation has been reduced to 20% in an attempt to lure miners to bring gold to Fidelity Printers.
Zimbabwe’s official gold production dropped from a record 33.2 tons in 2018 to 19 tons last year mainly due to fewer deliveries from scall-scale miners. It is noted that small scale miners only sold 9.35 tons of gold to formal buyers last year, compared to 17.48 tons in 2019.
Copper prices climb again, the price of copper regained ground on Monday after hitting a two-month low on Friday. Copper for July delivery was up 0.6% from Friday’s settlement price, reaching $9,196 per tonne midday on Monday in the New York Comex market.
China’s copper exports rose for a third consecutive month in May to reach their highest level since March of last year, customs data showed on Friday, as rising international prices encouraged traders to ship metal abroad.
However, last month’s surge in copper prices on the London Metal Exchange to an all-time high not only made imports less favorable for China, but also spurred shipments in the other direction.
Exports of raw copper and copper products amounted to 79,044 tonnes last month, up 3.4 percent from April and 67.7 percent year-on-year.
SADC leaders to send troops to Moz, Southern African leaders on Wednesday approved the deployment of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Standby Force to Mozambique.
It is a move that demonstrated regional progress in addressing the crisis.
The deployment was approved at an extraordinary summit, held in Maputo, and attended by all 16 member states, including President Cyril Ramaphosa.
South Africa has repeatedly expressed the need for greater intervention in the region, even as Mozambique seemed resistant.
The deployment followed two extraordinary summits held earlier this year could bring some finality to the back-and-forth deliberations on how to respond to the growing regional crisis.
The SADC Standby Force acts as the region’s peacekeeping force and falls under the SADC’s Organ of Politics Defence and Security.
It is constituted when necessary, and the crisis it is responding to will determine the size of the force.
Upcoming Public Holidays:
30th June 2021 – Independence Day (DRC)
5th July 2021 – Heroes Day (Zambia)
6th July 2021 – Unity Day (Zambia)
“By crawling a child learns to stand”
Border updates, chaos had once again returned to the Beitbridge border post over the festive period, from what seemed to be been a victory leading up to the December month turned south very fast as queues of up to 35kms were experienced at a stage, the lifting of COVID testing for drivers going north and the failure of system implementations all added to this, on the flipside, drivers coming south into South Africa also faced problems when the South African Department of Health demanded that all inbound travellers were to be tested for COVID which lead to around 2000 trucks being detained at Beitbridge, this also created fears of health risks to travellers and residents within the Beitbridge area.
This past week there has been concern for possible super spreader events as thousands of people have been stuck on the Zim side waiting to enter South Africa, most not wearing masks and not adhering to social distancing measures, this issue arose when authorities in Harare announced that only Zimbabweans with South African permits would be allowed to cross the Limpopo heading south.
Delays continue further to the east at the Ressano Garcia border between Mozambique and South Africa which has resulted in trucks and other vehicles queueing three lanes abreast for at least 10 kilometres. The delays are starting to become so bad that Mozambique yesterday requested clearing agents and customs authorities at Lebombo Border Post not to let anyone through.
It seems that South African truck drivers have been denied access into Angola, however the Angolan government is denying this.
This emerged after a high-ranking official from Namibia’s hinterland logistics sector confirmed that at least three senior officials from the Trans-Cunene Corridor had told him that trucks entering Angola must be driven by Namibian drivers. According to an Angolan official, this is untrue and the only request that they have is that drivers must present the RT-PCR test of the country of origin, however the TCC emphasised that if this coronavirus testing measure was negative, all truck drivers were allowed to proceed to their destinations as per international transit protocol.
Level 4, Zimbabwe entered level 4 lockdown on Tuesday for a period of 30 days which restricts the country’s movement to almost a standstill, inter city travel is prohibited unless you are an essential worker and only the mining, agriculture and manufacturing sectors are currently allowed to operate. It is also noted that only Zimbabwean citizens are allowed to enter the country.
The South African government is also currently in council where rumours are rising that South Africa itself will be entering a harder lockdown, this comes after the country entered level 3 on the 30th of December last year which was expected to only last two weeks, however there has been an emergency meeting called and the citizens now await the verdict, roadblocks have been setup on provincial borders this week adding to the rumours that a harder lockdown will be put in place.
Caledonia to enter further exploration, Caledonia can gain exclusive rights to explore and subsequently, if exploration is successful and at its sole discretion, acquire the mining claims over an area known as Connemara North, a property which, like Glen Hume, is situated in the Gweru mining district in the Zimbabwe Midlands that has historically produced significant quantities of gold.
Connemara North is approximately 30 km from Glen Hume with good road access between them offering the potential of operating in synergy should Caledonia decide to develop both areas.
It has not been commercially mined since 2001 before being placed on care and maintenance. Connemara mine produced approximately 20 000 ounces of gold per annum from an open pit heap leach operation. Originally in 2001 First Quantum indicated that they had plans to expand the existing open pit operations at Connemara mine but this never materialised.
The option gives Caledonia the right to explore the area for a period of up to 18 months.
Kuvimba seeks $1 billion for acquisitions, Kuvimba Mining House Ltd., in which the Zimbabwean government is the majority stake holder at 65%, will invest an incredible amount of the cash raised on the Darwendale platinum project, which belongs to its Great Dyke Investments unit. Kuvimba is held by government pension funds and Zimbabwe’s sovereign wealth fund.
It is believed that around $100 million will be set aside for acquisitions and capital expenditure over the next 12 months.
The group, whose portfolio includes gold, nickel and platinum, will raise part of the money internally through its operations, it will also issue debt. Kuvimba has three working gold mines producing about 300 kg of the metal each month and owns a nickel mine with monthly output of 550 tonnes.
The company is finalizing negotiations to acquire Metallon Gold Zimbabwe Ltd.’s Mazwoe mine. It is looking at other assets such as lithium, nickel and copper and further exploration into Africa.
Zambian court orders liquidator to stay, A Zambian court has ruled the state-appointed liquidator of Vedanta’s Konkola Copper Mines will not be discharged despite a November ruling ordering a halt to proceedings to allow Vedanta and minority KCM shareholder ZCCM-IH to pursue arbitration.
The government accused Vedanta of failing to honour licence conditions, including promised investment. The liquidator has since said he intends to split the company, with possible asset sales to follow.
In a statement after the ruling, KCM provisional liquidator Milingo Lungu said his powers were valid. He said he would split KCM into two companies effective Jan. 31, and that asset disposal was likely KCM’s only remaining option.
Given the impasse between stake holders and government it is unclear whether any keen consumers might be discovered.
International Legal opinion maintains that there would be no way a provisional liquidator could commence with disposing of KCM assets because anybody buying them would effectively be acquiring tainted property and would therefore be party to an unlawful act.
Copper growth in Africa expected to grow! Demand in China is remaining especially strong as it moves out of the crises towards full normalization of all economic activities. Prices have rallied and surged in part attributed to the various disruptions from top producer Chile.
Long term outlook remains positive and demand set to increase with investments in electric vehicles and renewal energy as well as infrastructure projects particularly being driven in China. Prices are also being pushed up by grade decline, rising input costs, water constraints and high-quality development opportunities becoming scarce. These factors will continue to push prices up as well as motivate miners to improve their margins by introducing better efficiencies.
New SA trade agreements! Friday marked the start of trade for South African firms under two new trade agreements, the Trade and Industry and Competition Department said. These agreements are with countries ready to trade under the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) and with the United Kingdom following Brexit.
South Africa had put in place the legal and administrative processes for the start of trade under the AfCFTA on January 1, 2021 following a decision to start trading under the AfCFTA by the 13th extraordinary session of the assembly on the AfCFTA on December 5, 2020.
The AfCFTA agreement which was signed by 54 of the 55 African Union member states consisting of 34 countries had already given their approval to the AU Commission and became state parties, the parties include Angola, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
In addition, trade for local firms with the UK commenced on Friday under the new economic partnership agreement between six southern African countries which include South Africa, Lesotho, Eswatini, Namibia, Botswana and Mozambique replacing the European Union partnership terms for the UK market that was in place until December 31, 2020.
The UK agreement effectively retained the terms of trade in the existing EU agreement and would govern the bilateral trading relationship between each of the Southern African countries
SADC must tackle Mozambique’s terrorism!! Up to now, Mozambique has only requested SADC to provide military supplies, as Maputo resists any kind of external support that may lead to multilateral foreign intervention.
This is not a crisis that one country can solve alone; the Institute of Security Studies noted.
President Nyusi announced his intention to eradicate the violent extremists but his government has been unable to do so for the past three years and each passing day strengthens the extremist resilience and complicates the liberation of Cabo Delgado and the millions of Mozambicans at risk.
Although Mozambique had enlisted Russian and South African mercenaries to help fight the insurgency, no single SADC state has the military strength or financial capacity to intervene in Mozambique said the ISS.
United Nations has pledged to raise $254 million to assist terrorism-affected people in Mozambique. The plan will be deployed in 2021 and is expected to benefit 1.1 million people in the Cabo Delgado province and surrounding areas.
According to humanitarian bodies, the resources will be used to establish new camps for refugees and internally displaced persons.
In the meantime, Total SE has asked some staff to vacate its $20bn Mozambique liquefied natural gas (LNG) project with fighting reported to be less than 5km away from the plant.
The situation is grave and set to worsen with the terrorists taking control of transport links, terrorizing villagers and depopulating towns. Urgent intervention is needed.
“The Earth is a beehive, we all enter by the same door”